上海外国人工作签证

SFBC

外国人工作签证、工作许可证代办 外资企业注册 外籍猎头服务 China Work Visa and Work permit Service Provider




注册区域

Registration Area

1、什么是产业园区?

 产业园区是指当地政府部门为了发展经济,根据当地的优势,把某些相同行业聚集起来,形成某个产业的集聚区

1. What is industrial park?

An industrial park is a cluster area that local government department gathers some similar industries in order to develop local economy according to local superiority.

 2、为什么要把公司注册在产业园区?

提供虚拟的注册地址,公司换实际办公地址无需变更证件;2、由财政扶持政策,某些产业园区也是孵化器,园主们也希望你们做大做强,双赢。

2. Why companies register their companies in industrial park?

(1) To provide virtual registration address, the company doesn’t need to alter certificate when changing actual business address; (2) Some industrial park is also an incubator supported by financial policy and the owner of the industrial park also hopes you to become bigger and stronger to realize win-win.

 3、什么是集中注册地?

对于一些不扰民的行业,可以把公司注册在某一个地方,而经营地在另一个地方,这某一个地方就是区县政府提供的集中注册地,理论上无限量的公司可以共用这个地址。但是行业限制是不扰民,例如设计、咨询,或者其他你自己想像一下不会影响到邻居的行业,商店不行,烧烤不行。

3. What is concentrated register area?

The company whose industry is not disturbing can register in certain place and operates in another. Whereby the certain place is the concentrated registration area the county government provides. Theoretically, limitless companies can share the area. But the industrial restriction is that it will not disturb the residents, such as designing, consultation or other industries you imagined that won’t disturb neighbors, except shops and barbecue.

 

4、产业园区和集中注册地是一回事情吗

 基本上是的。集中注册地侧重于注册地址的提供,产业园区即提供注册地,也希望聚集相同行业。反正,基本上是一回事情。

4. Are industrial park and concentrated register area the same?

Basically, they’re the same. Register area focuses on providing registration address, while industrial park just provide registration place, hoping to gather the same industries at the same time. Anyway, they’re basically one thing.

 

5、使用自己的办公室注册公司有什么要求?

 1、非居住用房,不是表面判断的,请查看房产证上的房屋类型 2、不能是违章建筑 3、确定拥有使用权,比如已经购买下该房屋或者租赁了该房屋,当然,应该是向正确的人租赁的房屋。

5. What are the requirements if registering a company with one’s own office?

(1) Non-residential house can’t be judged by the outside, please check the house type in the house property certificate; (2) Cannot be illegal building; (3) Ensure to have the right to use, such as having purchased or having rented the house. Of course, the house should be rented from legal persons.

 

6、宅基地可以注册公司吗

利害关系人同意、村委会同意,那就可以了。

6. Can homestead be used to register companies?

It is okay if the interested party and the village committee agree to.



公司类型

Company Type

1、  什么是一般的公司?

一般的公司是指不需要前置审批或者后置审批即可成立的公司,没有什么特别的要求。只需要经过工商登记和其他相关登记即可营业,大体上,投资、咨询、设计、一般商品的贸易都是不需要特别许可的。

1.    What is general company?

A general company is a company which could be established without preapproval or post-approval, or any other special requirements. It could start operation after registration in the Administration of Industry and Commercial and other relevant registrations. In general, businesses on investment, consulting, designing and common goods trading do not require any special approval.

 

2、  什么是前置审批和后置审批?

前置审批,是指在公司设立前,需要申请特别的许可证,例如,加工厂、餐饮店、培训、旅馆、美容美发等,需要经过相关部门的许可,签发许可证,才能到工商部门去办理工商登记取得营业执照。

后置审批,是指可以先申请营业执照,在进行相关业务前,需要取得审批部门的许可证,例如食品流通、旅行社、留学中介等。后置审批可以先取得营业执照,但并不是代表着不需要申请许可证了。

2.    What is the pre-approval and post-approval?

Pre-approval, which means a company needs to apply for special license before its establishment, such as, processing factory, restaurant, training, hotel, haircut store, beauty salons etc. These companies could be registered in Administration of Industry and Commercial and get business license with the approval and issued permit from relevant Administration.

Post-approval, which means a company could apply for business license first, but it still need to apply for special license before its operation, such as, food circulation, travel agency, overseas-study agencies etc. By post-approval you could get business license first, but it doesnt mean that you do not need to apply for permit.

 

3、  有限公司和合伙企业有什么区别?

(1)承担的责任不一样,有限公司以公司资产为限对债务承担有限责任,合伙企业则承担无限责任;

(2)公司名称中的组织架构不一样,有限公司的名称中需标明“有限公司”,合伙企业的名称中不得出现“有限公司”字样;

(3)有限公司有注册资本,股东以注册资本为限对公司债务承担责任,合伙企业无注册资本,只有投资额,合伙人需承担无限责任,有限合伙人则以投资额为限承担有限责任;

(4)有限公司有董事经理监事等管理机构,也有法定代表人,合伙企业只有执行事务合伙人代表合伙企业行使合伙事务;

(5)公司以公司章程作为公司的行为准则,合伙企业是合伙协议;

(6)公司股东最少一人,合伙企业最少两个合伙人。

3. What are the differences between the limited company and partnership business?

 (1) They have different obligations. The limited company shall take limited liabilities limited to company assets, while partnership business shall take infinite liabilities;

 (2) The organizational structures embodied in the company names are different. Limited companys name must be marked with Limited Company, while partnership businesss name mustnt have words Limited Company;

 (3) Limited company has registered capital, and the shareholders shall take limited liability limited to the registered capital, while partnership business has no registered capital, but only the investment capital, and the copartner shall take infinite liabilities, Limited partners shall take the limited liabilities limited to the investment capital;

(4) Limited company has management organizations, such as directors, managers, supervisors, and legal representative; partnership business only has copartners to perform duties as the representative of the partnership business;

(5) Limited company takes the articles of association as the code of conduct of the company, while partnership business is based on the partnership agreement;

(6) Limited company has at least one shareholder, while partnership business must have two copartners at least.

 

4、为什么私募基金偏爱合伙企业?

合伙企业非有限公司,不需要缴纳企业所得税,结构简单,易于建立,项目完成后也易于解散。基金管理者可成为普通合伙人,收取管理费,投资者可成为有限合伙人出资即可,职责分明。基金管理者为了规避无限责任的问题,往往是采用有限公司的形式充当普通合伙人。

4. Why the private funds prefer partnership business?

Partnership business is not a limited company, so it does not need to pay the business income taxes, and it has simple structure and is easy to be established and dissolved after finishing the projects. The fund manager could be the general partner and charge the management fee. The investor could invest as the limited copartner, which makes the duties clear. The fund manager in most cases serves as the general copartner of the limited company to avoid problems concerning infinite liabilities.

 

5、普通合伙和有限合伙有什么区别吗?

合伙企业可分为普通合伙和有限合伙,普通合伙企业中的合伙人都为普通合伙人,每个普通合伙人都需要对合伙企业的债务承担无限责任;有限合伙中的合伙人分为有限合伙人和一名普通合伙人,但至少有一名普通合伙人,有限合伙人只以出资额为限承担有限责任。

5. What are the differences between the general partnership and limited partnership?

The partnership business is divided into general partnership and limited partnership. The partner of the general partnership is called the general partner, and every general partner shall take infinite liabilities for the partnership business; while the partner of the limited partnership is divided into limited partners and one general partner at least, and the limited partner shall take limited liabilities limited to the investment capital.

 

6、股份公司和有限公司到底有什么区别?

(1)有限公司没有股票,但是投资人之间可以以出资额/认购注册资本额来确认利润分配,股份有限公司有股票;

(2)有限公司的股权转让只需在工商部门登记,股份公司的股份转让,要在证券交易场所或者其他国务院规定的其他方式进行,不记名股票直接交付即可,股份公司成立一年内,发起人持有的股票不能转让;

(3)有限公司股东最少一个,股份公司最少两个;

(4)有限公司可设立一名执行董事,或者设立由3-13名董事组成的董事会,监事会也可不设立,只设立1-2名监事;股东公司必须成立5-19人组成的董事会,并且成立3人以上的监事会。

6. What are the differences between joint-stock company and limited company?

 (1) Limited company does not have stocks, but the investors can confirm the profit distribution by the capital contribution/ registered capital, while the joint-stock company has stocks;

 (2) The share transfer of limited company should only be registered in the Administration of Industry and Commercial, while the share transfer of joint-stock company must be carried out in the stock exchange or in other ways prescribed by the State Council, and non-registered stock could be delivered directly. The stocks of the sponsor couldnt be transferred within one year after the establishment of joint-stock company;

(3) Limited company has at least one shareholder, while the joint-stock company has at least two shareholders;

(4) Limited company could set up one executive director, or the board of directors consisted of 3 to 13 directors. It could not set up the board of supervisors, but only 1 to 2 supervisors; joint-stock company must set up the board of directors consisted of 5 to 19 members, and the board of supervisors including 3 or more members.

 

7、什么是外资公司?

外资公司是指由境外的的企业或者境外自然人投资设立的公司。投资人是境内的,内资公司,境外的,外资公司,既有境内的又有境外的,中外合资公司。

7. What is the cooperation with foreign capital?

Cooperation with foreign capital is the company which is invested and set up by the abroad enterprises or abroad natural persons. Its a domestic company when the investor is domestic; a cooperation with foreign capital when the investor is from abroad; and a sino foreign joint venture when the investors are from both domestic and abroad.



公司基本要素

Fundamental Elements of A Company

1、什么是注册资本?

注册资本是投资人(股东)需要投入到公司的资本,投资人以注册资本为限对公司债务承担有限责任。

1. What is registered capital?

Registered capital is the capital that the investors (shareholders) put into the company, and investors shall undertake limited liability for the company’s debts limited to the amount they contribute to the registered capital.

 

2、什么是注册资本认缴制?

简单的说,就是投资人可以自己决定何时缴纳注册资本,也就是在注册公司的时候,投资人只要同意,可以不用缴纳注册资本。

2. What is registered capital subscription system?

To put it simple, it means that investors can decide when to pay the registered capital, namely the investors can register a company without registered capital only the investors would agree.

 

3、注册资本何时缴纳?

投资人自己决定,可以在公司成立1年后、5年后、10年后或者其他时间,都可以。缴纳注册资本的期限会被记录到公司章程里,如果缴纳期限到了,而投资人认为没有必要缴纳的,请修改章程里的注册资本缴纳期限即可。

3. When to pay the registered capital?

It can be paid one year, five or ten years after the establishment of the company, or any other time. Its up to the investors. The payment period of the registered capital will be recorded in the articles of association of the company; if the time limit of payment has arrived and the investors deem it as unnecessary to pay, only the time limit of payment in the article of association shall be revised.

 

4、注册资本认缴了,是不是注册资本写的越大越好?

投资人以注册资本为限对公司债务承担有限责任,所以,注册资本越大,投资人的风险越高。那么反之,是不是注册资本越少越好,股东的风险小了,您的贸易伙伴的风险就大了,他们在选择供应商的时候同样会考虑一家公司的债务承担能力。

4. The registered capital has been paid. Whether the larger the amount of registered capital is written the better?

The investors undertake limited liability for the company’s debts limited to the registered capital, therefore, the larger the amount of registered capital, the higher the risk borne by the investors. So instead, whether the smaller the amount of registered capital the better? The risk borne by the shareholders is lower, but the risk borne by your business partners is higher. And they will take a company’s debt bearing capability into consideration as well when choosing suppliers.

 

5、股东人数有什么限制

一般的公司1-50人。

5. Is there any limit to the number of shareholders?

Normally a company shall be established by 1 to 50 shareholders.

 

6、一个股东可以成立公司吗

 可以的,被称之为“一人有限责任公司”。需要特别提醒的是,一个自然人只能成立一家有限责任公司,该一人有限责任公司不能再投资设立另一家一人有限责任公司。A一个人作为股东成立了甲公司,A再一个人投资成立乙公司,不能,A和B一起作为股东投资设立丙公司,可以,甲公司作为股东投资设立丁公司,不能。

6. Can one shareholder establish a company?

Yes, the company established is called one person limited liability company. As a special reminder, a natural person can only establish one limited liability company, and this one person limited liability company cannot invest to establish another one person limited liability company. For example, A established Company A as the shareholder, so A cannot invest to establish Company B itself; A and B can together invest to establish Company C as the shareholders; and Company A cannot invest to establish Company D as the shareholder.

 

7、如果股东超过50人怎么办?

 (1)只要不超过200人,可以成立股份有限公司;(2)这种情况真的比较少

7. What if the number of shareholders exceeds 50?

(1) As long as the number does not exceed 200, a joint stock limited company can be established; (2) Such a case is really rare.

 

8、股东有什么权利和义务

权利:分配得到公司的利润,以及公司法规定的其他权利,股东会是公司的权力机构。

义务:按照约定缴纳认缴的注册资本。

8. What are the rights and obligations of the shareholders?

Rights: Distributed profits and other rights stipulated in the Company Law; the board of shareholders is the power organ of the company.

Obligations: Pay for the registered capital subscribed for as agreed.

 

9、董事和股东有什么关系吗

董事由股东委派或者选举产生,股东非必须成为董事。股东的职责是出资,董事的职责是管理。当然,董事也可以由股东直接担任。

9. Whats the relationship between directors and shareholders?

The directors are appointed by shareholders or by election; the shareholders are not necessarily required to be directors. The obligation of the shareholders is to invest to the capital contribution, while the obligation of the directors is to manage. Of course, directors can also be assumed by shareholders directly.

 

10、股东可以是一家公司

可以。股东即可以是自然人,也可以是公司或者其他法人机构。

10. Could the shareholder be a company?

Yes. The shareholder can be a natural person, a company or other institution with legal person status.

 

11、一家公司必须要有董事吗

 是的。可以只设一名执行董事,也可以由3-13人组成一个董事会,股份有限公司是5-19人。

11. Must there be a director (directors) in a company?

Yes. A company can appoint only one director, or set up the board of directors comprised of 3 up to 13 members, and 5 up to 19 members for joint stock limited company.

 

12、如果股东对董事会不满意怎么办

股东可以根据公司章程的约定对董事进行任免。

12. What if the shareholders are not satisfied with the board of directors?

The shareholders can appoint and dismiss directors in accordance with the articles of association of the company.

 

13、法定代表人由谁担任

法定代表人需由公司的执行董事、董事长或者经理担任。

13. Who will be the legal representative?

The executive director, chairman of the board or manager of the company shall serve as the legal representative.

 

14、法定代表人如何更换

法定代表人由执行董事、董事长或者经理担任,所以,股东只需要按照公司章程的规定对上述职位的人选进项相应的调整即可变更法定代表人。

14. How to change the legal representative?

The legal representative is served by executive director, chairman of the board or manager, so to change the legal representative, the shareholders only have to adjust candidates who hold the abovementioned positions as stipulated in the articles of association of the company.

 

15、董事、法定代表人一定要股东担任吗

不用,股东负责出资,董事负责管理,董事可以是股东外的第三人担任。

15. Must it be the shareholders to serve as the directors or legal representative?

No, the shareholders are obliged to invest and the directors are responsible for management. The directors can be serves by the third person other than shareholders.

 

16、经理的职责是什么

经理主要是管理公司,以下是公司法描述的经理职责:

(一)主持公司的生产经营管理工作,组织实施董事会决议;

(二)组织实施公司年度经营计划和投资方案;

(三)拟订公司内部管理机构设置方案;

(四)拟订公司的基本管理制度;

(五)制定公司的具体规章;

(六)提请聘任或者解聘公司副经理、财务负责人;

(七)决定聘任或者解聘除应由董事会决定聘任或者解聘以外的负责管理人员;

(八)董事会授予的其他职权。

16. What’s the duty of the manager?

The main duty of the manager is to manage the company, and the following is the duty of the manager described in the Company Law:

(Ⅰ) Preside over production and operation management, organize and implement the resolution of the board of directors;

(Ⅱ) Organize and implement annual business plan and investment plan;

(Ⅲ) Draft the plans on the establishment of the company’s internal management departments;

(Ⅳ) Draft the company’s basic management system;

(Ⅴ) Formulate the company’s specific rules and regulations;

(Ⅵ) Submit to recruit or dismiss the vice manager or financial administrator of the company;

(Ⅶ) Decide to recruit or dismiss the administrative staff in charge, the staff that shall be decided to recruit or dismiss by the board of directors excluded;

(Ⅷ) Other powers and functions granted by the board of directors.

 

17、自然人作为股东注册公司需要提供身份证原件吗

 需要提供身份证原件。如果无法提供原件的,可以通过律师见证,公证处公证的方式办理原件和复印件一致的核对手续。

17. Does the natural person need to provide his original ID Card when register a company as the shareholder?

Yes. If it’s not able to provide the original, he can go through the checking procedure to confirm the identity of the original and the copy by means of lawyer’s witness or certified by notary office.

 

18、股东需要亲自到场吗

工商登记部门没有这个要求。但是不同的区域登记部门要求不一样,请联系我们客服经理。

18. Should the shareholder be present in person?

It is not required by industrial and commercial registration authorities. However, the requirements of registration authorities in different areas differ. So please contact our customer-service manager for details.

 

19、监事的职责是什么

答:

(一)检查公司财务;

(二)对董事、高级管理人员执行公司职务的行为进行监督,对违反法律、行政法规、公司章程或者股东会决议的董事、高级管理人员提出罢免的建议;

(三)当董事、高级管理人员的行为损害公司的利益时,要求董事、高级管理人员予以纠正;

(四)提议召开临时股东会会议,在董事会不履行本法规定的召集和主持股东会会议职责时召集和主持股东会会议;

(五)向股东会会议提出提案;

(六)依照公司法的规定,对董事、高级管理人员提起诉讼;

(七)公司章程规定的其他职权。

19. What are the obligations of the supervisor?

Answer:

(Ⅰ) Inspect company finance;

(Ⅱ) Supervise over the performance of duties by the directors and senior administrators, and propose to recall the directors and senior administrators who violate laws, administrative regulations, articles of association or resolutions of shareholders’ convention;

(Ⅲ) Require directors and senior administrators to correct prominently when their behaviors damage the interests of the company;

(Ⅳ) Propose to convene temporary shareholders’ conference, or to convene and preside over shareholders’ conference when the board of directors does not perform its duty of convening and presiding over shareholders’ conference stipulated in this law;

(Ⅴ) Bring forward proposals at shareholders’ conference;

(Ⅵ) Bring a lawsuit against directors or senior administrators in accordance with the Company Law;

(Ⅶ) Other powers and functions stipulated in articles of association of the company.

 

20、监事可以由自然人股东或者董事兼任吗

公司的董事、经理以及其他高级管理人员不能兼任监事。

所以:1、法定代表人肯定不能再担任监事; 2、自然股东如果不担任公司的董事、经理,就可以担任公司监事。

20. Can the natural person shareholder or director serve concurrently as supervisor?

The director, manager and other senior administrator cannot serve concurrently as supervisor.

Therefore: 1. Legal representative certainly cannot serve as supervisor; 2. If the natural person shareholder does not serve as director or manager of the company, he can serve as supervisor of the company.

 

21、公司经理可以由法定代表人、董事、股东兼任吗

答: 可以的。

21. Can legal representative, director and shareholder serve concurrently as manager of the company?

Answer: Yes.

 

22、一家公司需要几名监事?

一般一到两名,如果要成立监事会,需要三名以上,并且监事会至少三分之一的监事应该有职工代表选举产生。

22. How many supervisors are needed in a company?

Normally one to two. If the board of supervisors is to be set up, three supervisors are needed and at least one third of the members in the board of supervisors shall be elected by employees’ representative.

 

23、一家公司需要几名董事?

有两种选择:

1、不成立董事,只设一名执行董事,由执行董事担任公司法定代表人;

2、成立董事会,至少需要三名董事,由董事长担任公司法定代表人。

23. How many directors are needed in a company?

There are two choices:

1. Do not set up the board of directors, but only an executive director shall be appointed and the executive director shall serves as the legal representative of the company.

2. Set up the board of directors, at least three supervisors are needed and the chairman of the board shall serve as the legal representative of the company.

 

24、一家公司必须要有财务负责人吗

是的。

24. Must a company have a financial administrator?

Yes.

 

25、如果我没有财务负责人怎么办

公司登记时,可先填写公司董事信息作为财务负责人,在后期处理税务事务时,随时可以更换。

25. What if there is no financial administrator in my company?

When registering company, you can fill in the information of company director as that of financial administrator. And later when dealing with tax affairs, it can be changed at any time.

 

26、股东出资期限怎么确定

股东可以自己确定出资期限,在公司设立后的一年内、五年内、十年内、其他时间内都可以。出资期限被记录在公司章程中,一旦到了出资期限,如股东同意,可以修改章程中的出资期限。

26. How to decide the time limit of capital contribution by the shareholder?

The shareholder can decide the time limit of capital contribution himself. It can be one year, five or ten years, or any other time after the establishment of the company. The time limit of capital contribution will be recorded in the articles of association of the company. Once the time limit is reached, the time limit of capital contribution recorded in the articles of association can be changed with shareholders’ consent.

 



公司名称

Company Name

1、公司名称的结构有什么要求吗

答: 名称的结构应该由 行政区域+字号+行业+组织形式组成。

1. Is there any requirement for the structure of company name?

A: The structure of company name consists of administrative region, brand name, industry and organizational form.

 

2、公司名称的行业表述有什么要求吗

名称中的行业表述应该体现企业的主营经营范围,并且需要符合国民经济分类的表述,如贸易、互联网科技、网络科技、电气、商务咨询等。

2. Is there any requirement for the industrial statement of company name?

The industrial statement of company name should focus on the main business scope, and should be in accordance with the statement of the classification of national economy, such as trading, Internet technology, network technology, electric, business consulting and etc.

 

3、什么样的字号不能作为公司名称

1、县级以上的地名 2、名人的姓名 3、通用词,如宇宙、阳光等 4、和同行业其他企业同样或类似的字号以及其他登记部门认为不适宜作为字号的。

3. What kind of brand name cannot be used in company name?

(1) The geographical name above county level; (2) Names of the celebrity; (3) Common-used words, such as universe, sunshine and etc; (4) Brand names which are the same or similar to other enterprises of your industry, or other words that registration department considers improper to be used as brand name.

 

经营范围

Business Scope

1、经营范围应该怎么写

答: 一家公司的经营范围可涉及多个类别,没有具体限制。
经营范围应符合国民经济分类规范(200字以内)

1、How should business scope be described?

Answer: The business scope of a company can refer to more than category without specific limits.

The business scope should be in accordance with the standard of national economy classification (no more than 200 words).

 


实际经营地址

Real Business Address

1、我填写的实际经营地址有何用

答: 因为现在很多行业可以使用集中注册地注册,登记部门并不能通过注册地址联系到企业,所以需要填写实际能联系到企业的地址。

1. What’s the use of the real business address I have filled out?

Answer: Because nowadays many industries can register through concentrated register area, and the registration department can’t get in touch with the enterprise by registration address, therefore, they need real business address to be written that can be got in touch with.

2、实际经营地有什么要求

对于普通的行业,实际经营地并没有特殊要求,只需要联系到企业即可,并不需要提供使用证明给登记部门。

2. What’s the requirement towards real business location? 

For general industry, there’s no special requirement towards real business location. Don’t need to provide using certificate to registration department, only if the enterprise can be got in touch with.



综合

Comprehensive

1、注册一家公司需要几天

 一般的公司注册在上海各个区的时间为10-15个工作日

1. How many days will it take to register a company?

Generally it takes 10 to 15 working days for general company registration in each district of Shanghai.

 

2、注册公司的费用是多少

不同的案子价格不同,不同的注册地址价格也不同,具体按照难易度。

2. How about the fee for company registration?

The cost differs in the type of the case and the registration address, and specifically it depends on the difficulty level.

 

3、在你们公司注册公司后我可以取得什么

营业执照和专业的咨询服务

3. What can I get if I entrust your company to register company?

Business license and professional consulting services.



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